An Australian native tree, acacia can now be found all over the world, especially in plantations. Quick growing in nature, its colour can range from a light brown to a dark red.
–It is possible to obtain FSC-certified Acacia wood, which is a lot more sustainable than noncertified woods.
– A highly durable wood, Acacia is naturally fungus and water-resistant. (ref)
– Acacia can be seen to be doing good in the world, an example is seen in Myanmar, Acacia grows fast and can be harvested quickly for a profit, meaning they are great for plantations while reforestation is able to focus on native, slower-growing trees. (ref)
– It is also believed that Acacia needs less water than other faster-growing trees, like Eucalyptus. (ref)
–Acacia does not grow locally, and will therefore need to be imported in, adding potential environmental impacts, like fossil fuel consumption, from its import.
– It can be seen as an invasive species, as it will quickly become dominant in a new ecosystem. (ref)
The wood is highly durable and resistant to fungus and water resistant. The tree is fast growing in nature which means it can be harvested quickly, providing profits for the plantation but also ensuring there is a sustainable supply of timber to meet the demand in the future, third party certifications also help to ensure sustainability. The wood also needs less water than other fast-growing woods, improving its sustainability as it uses less of a limited source. However, Acacia will need to be imported in, requiring fuel and energy, which can emit a lot of CO2 into the atmosphere. Along with this, the trees can become the dominant species in an area. If looking for an alternative to certified Acacia wood, Cedar or Douglas-fir may be viable substitutes.