Best Plants for Insects:
Having a diverse range of flowers, herbs, and grasses is ideal for attracting a wide range of insects.
Wildflowers: native wildflowers are well-adapted to the local climate and provide nectar and pollen for pollinators, such as:
- Foxglove (Digitails). These are a favourite of bumblebees due to their tube shape.
- Red champion (Silene Dioica). These are abundant in nectar and pollen and so are loved by many pollinators.
- Meadowsweet (Flipebdula Ulmaria). The Meadow Brown and Ringlet butterflies love this flower.
- Common knapweed (Centaurea Nigra). This is highly attractive to many bees and butterflies, such as the Small Skipper and Painted Lady.
- Common fleabane (Pulicaria Dysenterica). Hoverflies often visit this plant.
Herbs: all of these herbs are really loved by bees, specifically Honeybees and Bumblebees, but they are also visited by solitary bees for nectar.
Butterfly and bee-friendly plants: these plants are often incredibly rich in pollen and nectar.
- Buddleja. Also known as Butterfly bushes, it is evidently loved by many species such as the Peacock, Painted Lady, and Red Admiral butterflies.
- Verbena. Again, this plant is loved by many butterfly species, including fritillary butterflies such as the Silver-washed Fritillary.
- Echinacea (Echinacea Purpurea). Honeybees, bumblebees, and solitary bees enjoy the nectar from these cone-shaped plants. Also visited by the Painted Lady, Small Tortoiseshell, and Red Admiral butterflies.
- Catmint (Nepeta). Especially loved by bees for their tube-shaped flowers, providing lots of nectar.
- Marjoram (Origanum Majorana). Again, especially loved by honey and bumblebees.
Umbelliferous plants: these plants have umbrella-shaped flower clusters that attract many pollinators in particular:
- Cow parsley (Anthriscus Sylvestris)
- Wild carrot (Daucus Carota)
- Angelica (Angelica Archangelica)
- Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare)
Native grasses: these are great habitats for many insects and their larvae.
- Tufted Hairgrass (Deschampsia Cespitosa). Grasshopper species feed on the leaves and stems of many grasses, including Tufted Hairgrass.
- Yorkshire Fog (Holcus Lanatus). These produce abundant pollen, meaning honeybees and solitary bees love this plant.
- Crested Dog’s-Tail (Cynosurus Cristatus). Again, grasshoppers feed on the leaves and stems of this plant.
- Meadow Foxtail (Alopecurus Pratensis). This grass is attractive to honeybees and solitary bees, visiting the flowering spikes to collect nectar and pollen.