Plants and Mammals2023-07-05T10:30:41+01:00

Plants for Mammals:

Mammals often use the plants and trees in your garden as a source of habitat and food. 

Trees: trees often provide food and shelter to many animals. See our tree section to find out more about specific trees for specific wildlife. However, these are loved by many mammals:

  • Oak. oak trees are a classic for UK gardens, providing habitat, food sources, and safety for many mammals. Squirrels and deer eat acorns (acorns can make up 25% of a deer’s Autumn diet!). 
  • Hazel. These trees produce nuts that are loved by squirrels and other small mammals. 
  • Beech. Bats love nesting in beech trees, as they find cavities in the trunk. 

Hedges and shrubs: the dense foliage often provides shelter for many mammals, and many produce berries which are a food source for mammals. 

  • Blackberry (Rubus). Hedgehogs and small rodents use blackberry bushes for shelter and food. 
  • Hawthorn (Crataegus Monogyna). Bats such as common pipistrelles are often attracted to the insects that are drawn to hawthorn bushes. 
  • Elder (Sambucus). Mice and voles are enticed by the sheltered environment elder bushes offer, and they also may consume fallen berries or nearby insects. 

Wildflowers and grasses: often grasses provide shelter and food sources by attracting other insects.

  • Field scabious (Knautia Arvensis). This grass has flowers that attract insects, which therefore provide food for small mammals such as bats. 
  • Common Knapweed (Centaurea Nigra). This has nectar-rich flowers which attract pollinators, again providing a food source for mammals that feed on insects
  • Tufted Hairgrass (Deschampsia Cespitosa). This grass and similar ones provide shelter and forage for grazers such as rabbits.

Berries and fruiting plants: many small mammals enjoy fruit and berries from plants as a food source, examples include:

  • Raspberry (Rubus Idaeus). Raspberry canes produce berries that are enjoyed by hedgehogs and mice.
  • Rowan (Sorbus Aucuparia). These trees have bright red berries which are a great food for squirrels and other mammals.